Khyber Pass, Peshawar Pakistan
Peshawar is the capital city of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in northern Pakistan. It lies west of the Bara River, a tributary of the Kabul River near the Khyber Pass. Peshawar is a historic center of the caravan transit trade with Afghanistan, and Central Asia. Today Peshawar is connected by highway and railway with Lahore, Rawalpindi, Hyderabad, and Karachi. International flights by way of Kabul.
The surrounding the region is an irrigated plain, a basin drained and filled by the Kabul River. With covered low hills to Cherat. Seasonal temperatures range from 40-104 F.
Leopard Geckos are found in Pakistan, Southeastern Afghanistan, Western India, Iraq, and Iran. The Khyber Pass region is an excellent representation of that larger swath.
The region is sandy-gravel, rocks, hard clay, coarse grasses, and drought-resistant shrubs. Natural tolerances toward large swings of temperature changes have created a temperature tolerant pet lizard. Captive geckos remain active year-round as opposed to their wild counterparts who go into a dormant cycle during the coldest months.
What seems like bright and obvious coloring for a leopard gecko in captivity is camouflage of bumpy spotted and striped skin against substrates. Gecko feet have lamellae, or adhesive pads. This addition helps them in climbing and running upside and down rock walls and ceilings as well as a sure-footed pace on dust covered sandy soils. A perfect evolutionary tactic for their natural environment. A perfect reason to have a secure mesh top and locking doors on your gecko's environment.
Geckos store fat in their tail allowing nutrients and energy absorption during lean periods in the wild. They are formidable hunters taking scorpions, centipedes, smaller lizards and rodent young from nests. Feed your gecko well by feeding them super worms, wax worms, and mealworms as well. Remember to dust their meals as well as feed that calcium powder to their feeder insects.
A healthy gecko in captivity will have soft roundness to its belly, and its tail will be bulbous to a degree not larger than its belly. A balanced look from head to tail tip.
Field research is lacking due to the region's upheaval preventing naturalist and scientist investigations. Near nothing is known about wild leopard gecko numbers. Captive breeding has created a tremendous collection of coloring, patterns, and sizes to leopard geckos. Although we may never know their numbers in the wild, we can be sure that the leopard gecko numbers are strong in the herp world.
When creating your gecko's environment think Khyber Pass, Peshawar Pakistan. Sand, rocks, dry grasses. A watering hole and humidity provided by it by always being full and fresh.